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16c Russian Icon - Three Hierarchs of the Orthodox Church from the Reign of Tsar Ivan the Terrible

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16c Russian Icon - Three Hierarchs of the Orthodox Church from the Reign of Tsar Ivan the Terrible

The icon depicts the Three Holy Hierarchs of Orthodox Christianity - Gregory the Theologian (known as Gregory of Nazianzus), Basil the Great (known as Basil of Caesarea), and John Chrysostom. Three Holy Hierarchs were highly influential bishops of the early church who played pivotal roles in shaping Christian theology. In Eastern Christianity, they are also known as the Three Great Hierarchs and Ecumenical Teachers, while in Roman Catholicism the three are honored as Doctors of the Church. The three are venerated as saints in Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Anglicanism, and other Christian churches. The style of the icon is characteristic of the 16th century Vologda iconography. The city of Vologda became a major center of trade in Russia during the reign of Ivan the Terrible,  the grand prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and the first tsar of all Rus' from 1547 to 1584.

 

Additional Info

  • ID#: 01-RSCS-2
  • Size: 19 3/4 x 16 inches (50 x 40.5 cm)
  • Age: ca. last quarter of the 16th century
  • Origin: Vologda region, Russia
  • Materials: Egg tempera on gessoed wood
  • Price: Price upon request
  • Orthodox Cross
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