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Russian Icon - Three Orthodox Hierarchs: Sts. Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom

The icon depicts the Three Holy Hierarchs of Orthodox Christianity - Gregory the Theologian, Basil the Great, and John Chrysostom, surmounted by the Christ blessing from Heavens.

Saint Basil the Great Hierarch (known as Basil of Caesarea), was the Greek bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and along with Gregory of Nazianzus, and Gregory of Nyssa is referred to as the Cappadocian Father. He was an influential theologian who supported the Nicene Creed and opposed the heresies of the early Christian church. In addition to his work as a theologian, Basil was known for his care of the poor and underprivileged. Basil established guidelines for monastic life which focus on community life, liturgical prayer, and manual labour and is remembered as a father of communal monasticism in Eastern Christianity.

Gregory the Theologian (known as Gregory of Nazianzus) was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian who is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. Along with the brothers Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa, he is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers. In the Roman Catholic Church he is numbered among the Doctors of the Church; in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches he is revered as one of the Three Holy Hierarchs, along with Basil the Great and John Chrysostom. He is also one of only three men in the life of the Orthodox Church who have been officially designated "Theologian" by epithet, the other two being St. John the Theologian, and St. Symeon the New Theologian.

Saint John Chrysostom (c. 349 – 407),  the Archbishop of Constantinople, was an important Early Church Father and one of the most prolific authors in the early Christian Church. He is renowned for his preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, and his ascetic sensibilities. The epithet Χρυσόστομος (Chrysostomos, anglicized as Chrysostom) means "golden-mouthed" in Greek and denotes his celebrated eloquence.

Additional Info

  • ID#: 26-101-94-SP6-1
  • Size: 12 x 10 in (31 x 26 cm)
  • Age: ca. 1860's
  • Origin: Central Russia
  • Materials: Egg tempera on gessoed wood
  • Price: $950
  • Orthodox Cross
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