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Bust reliquary with a relic of St. Roch (Rocco), invoked against pandemics

Reliquary bust depicting St. Roch housing a relic of him. The reliquary theca with a relic of St. Roch centered among 10 relics of unidentified saints embedded among gilt paperolle decoration into a rectangular glass-fronted cavity in the base of the bust.  The relic is identified on a cedula label in Latin as "S. Rocchi C." (St. Roch, Confessor). Saint Roch is traditionally invoked for protection during pandemics. 

Saint Roch or Rocco († 1327) was a Catholic saint, a confessor specially invoked against the plague. He is a patron saint of dogs and falsely accused people, among other things. His popularity, originally in central and northern Italy and at Montpellier, spread through Spain, France, Lebanon, the Low Countries, Brazil, and Germany, where he was often interpolated into the roster of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, whose veneration spread in the wake of the Black Death. The 16th-century Scuola Grande di San Rocco and the adjacent church of San Rocco were dedicated to him by a confraternity at Venice, where his body was said to have been surreptitiously translated and was triumphantly inaugurated in 1485. Numerous brotherhoods have been instituted in his honor. The Third Order of Saint Francis, by tradition, claims him as a member and includes his feast on its own calendar of saints, observing it on August 17. Invoked against: cholera, epidemics, knee problems, plague, skin diseases. Patron Saint of: bachelors, diseased cattle, dogs, falsely accused people, invalids, Istanbul, surgeons, tile-makers, gravediggers, second-hand dealers, pilgrims, apothecaries,

Additional Info

  • ID#: 14-RSINR-135
  • Size: 12 1/2 inches (31 cm) high
  • Age: ca. 18th century
  • Origin: France
  • Materials: Gilt and painted wood, glass
  • Price: Price upon request
  • Silver
  • Orthodox Cross
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